BSc Agriculture

B.Sc. Agriculture course is a great alternate to the B.E./B.Tech. Agriculture Engineering program. Since India is an agrarian country, this field will never run out of job opportunities. To be honest, qualified professionals are always valued, when it comes to agriculture sector. Thus, it is evident that there is more than just one reason to pursue this course.


It is a 4 years long Undergraduate Bachelor Degree program. B.Sc. Agriculture program consists of topics such as- agriculture science, use of modern scientific equipment and techniques in agriculture, land surveying, soil science, water resource management, animal and poultry management, basics of biotechnology etc.


10+2 Science stream students with PhysicsChemistry and Biology subjects, who have passed their board examination from a recognized board, are eligible to pursue this course. Minimum marks criteria exists, which varies from one University to another. Generally, it is between 40-50% marks in PCB subjects.

Also, to be considered eligible, students must also have appeared for state level entrance examination too!

Please note that Student should know about the college whether it has been approved by ICAR or not for admission.


Lots of Government as well as Private job opportunities are present in front of Graduates. Talking about Government jobs, State Agriculture Departments recruits Graduates to fill up Officer level posts. Government Banks also recruits Graduates to fill up Officer level posts (generally dealing with Loans).

Talking about Private Sector jobs, graduates may find jobs as Managers at Plantations, as Officers at Fertilizer Manufacturing firms, Agriculture Machinery Industries, Agricultural Products Marketing firms, Food processing units etc. Average starting salary is generally between 2-4.5 Lakh Rupees per year.

Job Opportunities in details as below

  • Development Department of Central and State Governments (Block Development Officers (BDO), Agriculture Development Officers (ADO)).
  • Agricultural Research Scientist (ARS)
  • Research Scientist in Government organizationsCSIR ( at their various research institution / centers), ASRB, ICAR, New Delhi.
  • Training Associates / Training organizer in KVK
  • Agriculture / field officer in different nationalized banks like NABARD.
  • State agriculture universities are recruiting agronomists as junior scientists / agronomists and also as lecturer, reader and professor.
  • agronomists are absorbed in private sectors as an agronomist / junior or senior research officers or supervisor in industries, farm houses, golf courses, contract farming
  • Marketing jobs in pesticide and insecticidal companies.
  • An agronomist can be a consultant and he / she provides advice, design and evaluation, supervision of farm or land use planning, cropping intensities.
  • An agronomist can start agri-clinic.
  • Commercial Banks and Insurance Sector.
  • Industry dealing with fertilizers and plant nutrients.
  • Plant protection chemicals, insecticides and pesticides manufacturing and marketing companies.
  • Organizations dealing in seeds and planting materials.
  • Manufacturers and suppliers of irrigation systems.
  • Agricultural products processing industry.
  • Multi-nationals dealing with production, field evaluation, and marketing of agricultural inputs including export marketing and consultancy services.
  • If interested in research and teaching and to be posted in Government jobs you can go for PG studies
  • Overseas opportunity
  • Establishing Nurseries
  • Export of Agriculture produce
  • Area development / watershed development agencies including NGOs.
  • Agronomist can start / establish an institute for vocational education (Agriculture / Land use planning).
  • Students can seek job prospects abroad in countries like Australia, Canada, Indonesia, Ethiopia, USA etc.

What is ICAR ?

The Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) was established on 16th July 1929 as a Registered Society under the Societies Registration Act 1860. It is an autonomous organization under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, and the Union Minister of Agriculture is the President of the ICAR. The Council played a major role in Green Revolution in the sixties and the nation could achieve self-sufficiency in food production. The council strengthened the research, teaching and extension capabilities of the nation and the nation is able to with stand the new challenges in agricultural arena.

Today, agricultural faces many challenges such as stagnating/declining productivity and profitability, depleting quality of natural resources, biotic and abiotic stresses, inefficient use of agro inputs, unsafe livelihoods for millions of small and marginal farmers, regional imbalances in agricultural productivity a general lack of qualified manpower. High-tech Agriculture could be one of the option and for that high-end research is needed and to achieve this highly motivated world class human resource and facilitates are required that can flow from world class agricultural Institutions and AUs which at present is lacking in the country. There is vast scope for young graduates to undertake agriculture as a profession which is directly or indirectly contributing to the economic and social development of the country.

Strengthening and streamlining of higher agricultural education system to enhance the quality of human resource in Agri-supply chain is one of the important requirements to meet future challenges in agriculture sector in the country. This calls for regular manpower planning with focus on research and development system.

Capacity and competence of ICAR-AU system has now been recognized world over. Students from number of developing countries are being attracted and benefited from research and teaching facilities developed in Agricultural Universities by pursuing their higher studies. To support their higher studies in India, number of new programs/fellowships have been initiated, viz, India-Africa fellowship program, Indo-Afghan fellowship council has also initiated ICAR International fellowships with dual objectives of facilitating education of Indian Nationals abroad, and facilitating admission of foreign students in Indian agricultural Universities to help demonstrate the strengths of Indian Agricultural system DARE/ICAR also provides admission to foreign students on regular basis and over 250 foreign students of more than 20 countries are admitted every year.

Higher education in Agriculture had a low status before Independence. In 1948, there were only 17 agricultural colleges in India and facilities for training in Postgraduate research work in agricultural sciences were available for only 160 students. In 1948-49, the University Education Commission under the chairmanship of Dr. S. Radha Krishnan recommended that a system of rural Universities of an educated citizenship. The University Education Commission introduced the Land-Grant college Philosophy in India. On the basis of recommendations of coming’s committee paper (1960-62), the ICAR developed a modest act which could be adopted with changes as were necessary by the newly – developing agricultural universities. The concept of Agricultural Universities was based on integration of teaching, research and extension to solve the problems of farmers. This was an important mistakes in the development of there Universities. The agricultural universities were initiated to forge a link between the scientists and the farmers. During 1960-1965, seven agricultural universities came into existence in the States of Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Mysore (Karnataka). At present there now are 71 state agricultural universities, two Central Agricultural Universities and four deemed-to-be universities, providing the much needed agricultural human resources.

The Education Division of ICAR annually conducts All India Entrance Examination for Admission (AIEEA) along with the All India Competitive Examination for the award of Senior Research Fellowships for pursuing Doctoral degree programs in Agricultural and Allied Sciences in the Universities under ICAR-AU.


Refferences: ICAR (